A high priority of the GS and Platform 2 was to establish an aDNA laboratory, where ancient DNA can be used to address pertinent questions of human development in landscapes with respect to demographic development and migration patterns, development of diseases and kinship issues, as tackled in Cluster 3. To this end, the new ancient DNA (aDNA) lab established in strong cooperation with the DNA lab of the Institute of Legal Medicine was improved and upgraded. To guarantee the reliability and reproducibility of aDNA work at the GS, several projects on quality management and method validation are being carried out.
Dating techniques, isotope, trace element, and archaeological analysis
This sub-platform will provide facilities for radiometric dating including 14C, 137Cs, 210Pb, and 234U/230Th, stable isotope mass spectrometry (e.g. 18O, 15N, 13C), and trace element analysis; X-ray-fluorescence, energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, and reference collections of pollen, archaeobotanical specimens, and bones for the identification of finds, as well as expertise for the interpretation of the measurement results and use of the collections.
The Leibniz-Laboratory is a leading 14C dating and stable isotope research facility equipped with a 3MV 14C AMS system and stable isotope ratio mass spectrometers (13C, 18O, & 2H). It measures about 2800 14C samples per year to the best precision attainable (± 20 years for modern samples) needing milligram size samples, and 15.000 stable isotope samples.
The Tracer Analysis Centre (TAC) is a virtual institution which provides the structural frame of the isotope and tracer analysis sub platform together with the Leibniz-Laboratory. The TAC can supply analyses of nearly any kind of isotope and tracer required in modern environmental research. The quality of the data created is internationally recognised and new developments generated by the participating laboratories have contributed to positioning Kiel at the forefront of environmental research.
Secretary (sample submission)
A botanical platform is currently being established to serve the needs of multiple projects tackling landscape development, vegetation dynamics, the utilisation of vegetative resources by humans and societies, and the usage of botanical proxies for joint paleo-climatological research. This can be done through a variety of differential paleo- and archaeobotanical approaches, such as pollen analysis, seed and fruit remains analysis, wood and charcoal analysis, dendroecological analysis, and the investigation of modern analogues for an improved scenario building on past landscapes.
The aim of the Botanical Platform is (1) to offer facilities and support for students own research activities concerning botanical matters, (2) to offer teaching of paleo- and archaeobotanical approaches to students, and (3) performing research in the GSs’ framework. The platform bundles existing and new resources and expertise hosted at the Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology and at the Ecology Centre, thus covering a wide range of botanical expertise in an archaeological as well as in an ecological/biological research and teaching context, and bridging via research and teaching activities different disciplines, institutes and faculties at CAU.
Current PhD projects with support of the botanic subplatform
|Name||PhD Project||Main project character||Platform support|
|Annegret Kranz||Landscape-reconstruction near medieval castles in Kirschgraben, Spessart.||Geoarchaeology||wood charcoal analysis, pollen analysis, macrofossil analysis|
|Uta Lungershausen||Reconstruction of spatiotemporal man-nature interactions – Modeling and quanitification of dune development in sandy plain landscapes in Northern Germany by using GIS and 3D visualization techniques.||Geoarchaeology, wind erosion||wood charcoal analysis, pollen analysis|
|Vincent Robin||Disturbances and vegetation dynamics as documented by soil charcoal – Holocene space-time dynamics of several forest sites.||Palaeoecology, anthracology||pollen analysis|
|Aikaterini Glykou||Neustadt, a late Mesolithic-Ertebölle and early Neolithic-Funnel Beaker submerged site: research on the subsistence strategy of the last hunters, foragers and fishers of the Baltic Coast of Northern Germany.||Archaeology, archaeozoology||pollen analysis, macrofossil analysis|
|Mykola Sadovnik||Reconstruction of the woodland and land use history from Neolithic to recent times in Westensee-Endmorären-Area, Schleswig-Holstein||Palaeoecology, palynology||preparation of pollen samples|
|Carolin Lubos||Landscape development around the Tell Niederröblingen (Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany).||Geoarchaeology||charcoal analysis, pollen analysis|
|Daniel Zwick||Maritime logistics in the Age of the Northern Crusades.||Archaeology||wood analysis, macrofossil analysis|
|Hannes Knapp||Habitat Harz: The environmental history of a mountain area and its foothills.||Environmental archaeology||preparation of pollen samples|
|Andrea Ricci||Where the river flowed: Cultural landscapes in the Syro- Turkish Middle Euphrates Valley.||Archaeology||macrofossil analysis, charcoal analysis|
|Hermann Gorbahn||The Neolithic in Peru.||Archaeology||macrofossil analysis|
|Doris Jansen||Prehistoric wooded environment and wood economy of Northern Central Europe, investigated by archaeo- and geoanthracological methods||Palaeoecology, anthracology||sorting samples for macrofossil analysis|
|Ingo Petri||Comparative investigations about extracting and working of metals in the early Piast State (earthwork Grzybowo-Rabiezyce) / Oldenburg/Starigard)bv||Archaeology||wood analysis (i.e. tool shanks), charcoal analysis|
|Marta dal Corso||Environmental reconstruction in the Po-valley, focus Bronze Age||Palaeoecology||Pollen sample prep., macrofossil analysis|
|Tim Schroedter||Woodland-management and social differentiation of wood use at tell-sites in SE Europe and Turkey||Palaeoecology||Macrofossil analysis, Aktopraklik, NE-Turkey|
|Timo Bräuer||Carbon-fluxes, dating paddy culture||14C||macro remains from paddy sediment cores|
|Nelly Friedland||Die Olsborg und ihr Umland. Untersuchungen zur Entstehung, Entwicklung und Bedeutung einer slawenzeitlichen Region in Wagrien||archaeology, slavonians||macro remain analysis (waterlogged material, 20 samples)|