Carolin Lubos, Alumni


Carolin Lubos (Germany, 1980)

Dipl.-Ing. in Agricultural Sciences

PhD project
Geomorphological/Environment-archaeological Analyses on the Formation of a Prehistoric Settlement Mound at Niederröblingen (Saxony-Anhalt) and its Surroundings
Geoarchaeological investigations on a so far unique multilayered settlement site at Niederröblingen (Germany) and its surroundings resulted in a reconstruction of the Holocene landscape history and man-environment-interactions in a new quality.

The chronostratigraphy of the site starting at 5300 BC (at least 15 subsequent layers, settlement continuity of about 4000 years) was established with the help of Bayesian modeling.

Palaeoecological, geochemical and physical data indicate changes in types and intensity of economic activities at the site (e.g. intensification of agriculture with first byres at the site during the mid Bronze Age). Resulting environmental changes in the surrounding landscape have been detected as well (e.g. clearing of the riparian forest and its conversion into agricultural land). Even feedback loops of this development are obvious, e.g. in the substitution of wood by loam plastered walls in architecture (since the mid Bronze Age). As a general trend increasing settlement intensity with a growing hinterland area can be inferred for the time frame spanning from the Late Neolithic until Roman Imperial times.

The results of investigations on alluvial and colluvial sediments as well as on buried soils from the surroundings of the settlement are consistent with the geoarchaeological record from the settlement site. Whereas Early Holocene erosion was found to have been induced climatically (8.2 ka event), Mid- to Late Holocene phases of slope instability were found to have been enabled by agricultural land use. The deposition of first colluvial layers during the Bronze Age coincides with the increase of economic activity reconstructed at the settlement site and therefore backs the interpretation of hinterland enlargement. The first Holocene alluvial deposit in the vicinity of the settlement was dated to the Pre-Roman Iron Age and therefore supports the idea of unintentional growth of the settlement mound (in contrast to dwelling mounds at North Sea shores). Neither during the Early Holocene nor during the Mid- to Late Holocene did Chernozemic soils develop in the research area.

This multiproxy approach, i.e. an analysis of bio and geo remains combined with geomorphological investigations in the surroundings, resulted in a holistic reconstruction of the Holocene landscape history and man-environment-interactions.

Research interests Genesis of Holocene soils in Central Europe, reconstruction of the holocene landscape, paleoclimate reconstruction, Greek archaeology, geoarchaeology, botany of Central Europe.
Post PhD Position Scientific Assistant, Department of Physical Geography, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt

Member of the Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes” at the Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel.

Since March 2007
Collaboration on geoarchaeological investigations on the first settlement mound in Central Europe (Niederröblingen, Sachsen- Anhalt).

April 2006
Graduation Dipl.- Ing. agr. (Diplom-Agraringenieurin). Thesis: Characterization of the Transport behaviour of micro spheres in a Cambisol under continuous rain simulation and interval rain simulation (Charakterisierung des Transportverhaltens von Mikrosphären in einer Braunerde unter kontinuierlicher Beregnung und Intervallberegnung).

Agricultural sciences (Agrarwissenschaften, Umweltsicherung und Entwicklung ländlicher Räume), Justus- Liebig- University, Gießen.

1999 - 2000
Agricultural sciences, Technical University Munich/ Weihenstephan.

Work experience

Agricultural practical experience, Hofgut Beinhards, introduction to practical farm management.

Assistance a the Institute for landscape ecology and resource management, Justus-Liebig-University, Gießen.

05.04.04 -05.08.04
Practical agricultural experience, St. Georgshof, ecological breeding of limousin cattle, landscape conservation.

Selected publications

In press
Dreibrodt, S., Jarecki, H., Klamm, M., Lubos, C., Bork, H.-R.: Landnutzung und Landschaftsveränderung durch den Menschen in Mitteleuropa - Die Zerstörung von Teilen des Erdwerkes bei Salzmünde durch Bodenerosion, AISA (Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt)-Sonderband Salzmünde.

In press
Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S., Klamm, M., Petschmann, U., Bork, H.-R., Friederich, S., Ganslmeier, R., Hellmund, M., Nelle, O.: Der stoffliche Aufbau der Siedlungsschichten des Tells von Niederröblingen (Sachsen-Anhalt), AISA (Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt)- Sonderband Tell Niederröblingen.

In press
Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S., Nelle, O., Klamm, M., Friederich, S., Meller, H., Nadeau, M-R., Grootes, P.M., Fuchs, M., Bork, H.-R.,: A multilayered prehistoric settlement structure (Tell?) at Niederröblingen, Germany and its Implications. Journal of Archaeological Science.

In press
Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S.,. Der stoffliche Aufbau der Tellschichten. In: AISA (Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt)- Sonderband 14, 2011.

In press
Lubos, C., Bork, H.-R., Dreibrodt, S., Nelle, O., Ganslmeier, R., Hellmund, M., Klamm, M.,. Der Tell, Stratigrafie des Tells an der A 71 bei Niederröblingen, AISA (Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt) Sonderband 14, 2011.

In press
Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S., Klamm, M., Nelle, O., Bork, H.-R.: Landschaftsraum, Landschaftssystemanalyse – ein ganzheitliches Verständnis der Landschaft und ihrer Entstehung. In: AISA (Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt) Sonderband 14, 2011.

In press
Dreibrodt, S., Lubos, C., Bork, H.-R.,: Das südöstliche Harzvorland und seine Entwicklung im Quartär. In: AISA Sonderband 14, 2011.

In press
Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S.: Quantifizierung siedlungsbedingter Phytolithflüsse im archäologischen Kontext. Tagungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Halle; Band 6, 2011.

Nebe, A., Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S., Friederich, S., Bork, H.-R.,: 6000 Jahre Siedlungsplatz - Ein Tell in Mitteldeutschland? In: Archäologie in Deutschland, 2/2011, 6-11.

Dreibrodt, S., Lomax, J., Nelle, O., Lubos, C., Fischer, P., Mitusov, A., Reiss, S., Radtke, U., Grootes, P.M., Bork, H.-R.,: Are mid Latitude slope deposits sensitive to climatic oscillations? – Implications from an Early Holocene sequence of slope deposits and buried soils from Eastern Germany. Geomorphology, Volume 122, Issues 3-4, 351-369. http://dx.doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.05.015

Dreibrodt, S., Lubos, C., Terhorst, B., Damm, B., Bork, H.-R.: Historical soil erosion by water in Germany – Scales and archives, chronology, research perspectives. A review. Quaternary International.

Mitusov, A., Mitusova, O., Pustovoytov, K., Lubos, C., Dreibrodt, S., Bork, H.-R.: Palaeoclimatic Indicators in Soils under Archaeological Monuments in the Eurasian Steppe. A Review. The Holocene, Dec. vol. 19: 1153-1160.

Reiß, S., Dreibrodt, S., Lubos, C., Bork, H.-R.: Land use history and historical soil erosion at Albersdorf (northern Germany) – ceased agricultural land use after the pre-historical period. Catena 77: 107-118.