Dr. Daniel Zwick, Alumni


Dr. Daniel Zwick (Germany, 1980)

M.A. in Maritime Archaeology

PhD project
Maritime Logistics in the Age of the Northern Crusades
The Limes Saxoniae remained a stable cultural frontier zone until the year 1147, when Danish and German princes managed to subdue the Slavic lands east of the Elbe lastingly in a joint maritime-terrestrial campaign. It was the first papally authorised crusading campaign "contra Sclavos ceterosque paganos habitantes versus Aquilonem" - the last pagans of northern Europe. This expeditio was a precedent, followed by many more campaigns against the Slavs, Prussians, Lithuanians, Livs, Estonians and other pagan nations of the Baltic Rim until the dissolution of the last remaining crusader state - the Livonian Confederation - in 1561; a time frame spanning over four centuries, colloquially captured by the umbrella term 'Northern Crusades'. Most of these campaigns - especially to the Baltic region - required seaborne transport and a high degree of maritime organisation, which is studied in an interdisciplinary historical-archaeological approach. The diachronic theme is examined by a number of case studies, which involve different angles: On the one hand, questions of navigation and orientation are addressed, as exemplified by a re-evaluation of a 13th-century Danish itinerary to Estonia. On the other hand, the capabilities and use of ships are assessed, which supplied the Catholic enclaves in the East with crusaders, settlers and goods. Numerous shipwrecks are re-visited to verify the claims of contemporary chroniclers, with discussions on technical aspects of ship-construction, but also with a focus on early trade links between central Europe, Scandinavia and the Baltics. Another major focus lies on timber trade across the Baltic Sea, shedding light on an often overlooked aspect: The Teutonic Order as economic rather than solely militaristic power. This study is concluded by assessing the local maritime transport geography of a Teutonic Order castle and a nearby - arguably appertaining - shipwreck from a period of political instability and the imminent collapse of the Livonian Confederation+
Research interests • Innovation and social change in medieval and early post-medieval shipbuilding and seafaring
• Maritime culture in urban and feudal societies with special emphasis on the Hanseatic League
• Maritime experimental archaeology

Ph.D. candidate at Kiel University, co-supervised at the University of Southern Denmark and the Viking Ship Museum Roskilde.

2004 - 2005
M.A. in Maritime Archaeology at the University of Southampton. Thesis: Rockets of Renaissance. Aspects of the Technological Development and Cultural Manifestation of European Seafaring Between 1400 to 1588.

2002 - 2004
B.A. in Archaeology at the University of Southampton. Thesis: How is the Importance of Cogs Reflected in Hanseatic Seafaring?

2000 - 2002
Studies in Classical and Prehistoric Archaeology, Latin and Medieval History at the University of Hamburg.

Work experience

Archaeological Museum Hamburg: Recording re-used ship-timbers and caulking clamps (sintels) as freelance specialist.

European Hanse Museum (Lübeck): Freelance consultant for medieval shipbuilding and seafaring

2009 - 2010
Member of the editorial staff and translator of the 7th Lübecker Kolloquium zur Stadtarchäologie im Hanseraum (Lübeck Colloquium on Urban Archaeology in the Hanseatic Sphere) proceedings on urban fortifications, Lübeck, Germany.

Intern at the Vasa Museum where a two-month survey was implemented on the orlop-deck of the Swedish warship VASA in Stockholm, Sweden.

2007 - 2008
Archaeologist on the ‘Bath-Southgate (SO-SGT-06)’ rescue excavation of the Museum of London Archaeology Service (MoLAS), United Kingdom.

Maritime archaeologist on the rescue excavation ‘Teerhof BA1’, responsible for the documentation and publication of a late medieval shipwreck in Bremen, Germany.

Archaeologist for Headland Archaeology Ltd. at rescue excavations in the vicinity of Carlow, Ireland.

Selected publications

D. Zwick, A 15th-century shipwreck with Scandinavian features from Bremen, Germany. In: B. van Tilburg (ed.), Ships and Maritime Landscapes. 13th International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology 8-12 October 2012, Amsterdam. Groningen: Barkhuis. [peer-reviewed]

D. Zwick, Interpreting a Scandinavian-built shipwreck from Bremen in the context of late medieval clinker constructions and timber trade in northern Europe. In: N. Mehler and M. Gardiner (eds.), Germans in the North Atlantic 1400-1700: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Northern World Series. Leiden: Brill. [peer-reviewed]

D. Zwick, Bayonese cogs, Genoese carracks, English dromons and Iberian carvels: Tracing technology transfer in late medieval Atlantic shipbuilding. In: Itsas Memoria. Revista de Estudios Marítimos del País Vasco 8. Donostia-San Sebastián: Untzi Museoa - Museo Naval. [reviewed by advisory panel]

D. Zwick, Conceptual Evolution in Ancient Shipbuilding: An Attempt to Reinvigorate a Shunned Theoretical Framework. In: J. Adams & J. Rönnby (eds.), Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches. Southampton Monographs in Archaeology New Series 4. Southampton: Highfield Press, pp. 46-71. [peer-reviewed]

D. Zwick, Auf den Spuren des ältesten See-Itinerars der Ostsee: eine archäologische Zeitreise. In: F. Huber & S. Kleingärtner (eds.), Gestrandet - versenkt - versunken: Faszination Unterwasserarchäologie. Neumünster: Wachholtz, pp. 192-215. [popular scientific]
Link:">Auf den Spuren des ältesten See-Itinerars der Ostsee: eine archäologische Zeitreise.

D. Zwick, Dynamics for Cultural Change in the Baltic Sea Region in the Age of the Northern Crusades – a maritime archaeological perspective. In: S. Kleingärtner, T. Newfield, S. Rossignol & D. Wehner (eds.), Landscapes and Societies in Ancient and Medieval Europe. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies (PIMS), pp. 329-376. [peer-reviewed]

D. Zwick, Variationen in der mittelalterlichen Schiffbautechnik anhand von Wrackfunden in Bremen. In: Holzbau in Mittelalter und Neuzeit. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Archäologie des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit 24, 2012, 283-298.

D. Zwick, Lineare nautische Netzwerke im Ostseeraum des Mittelalters? In: S. Kleingärtner & G. Zeilinger (eds.), Raumbildung durch Netzwerke? Der Ostseeraum zwischen Wikingerzeit und Spätmittelalter aus archäologischer und geschichtswissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Zeitschrift für Archäologie des Mittelalters - Beihefte. Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt, pp. 95-115.

Gläser et al. 2010: M. Gläser, C. Kimminus-Schneider and D. Zwick (eds.), Lübecker Kolloquium zur Stadtarchäologie im Hanseraum VII – Die Befestigungen. Lübeck: Beleke.

D. Zwick, Neues vom 'Beluga Schiff' – ein Bremer Klinkerwrack aus dem 15. Jahrhundert. In: Nachrichtenblatt Arbeitskreis Unterwasserarchäologie 16, 2010, 62-71.

Zwick, D.: Das Beluga-Wrack vom Bremer Teerhof. Vorläufige Untersuchungsergebnisse. In: Bremer Archäologische Blätter 7, 2008, 145-151.

Zwick, D.: Tropis IX - Ein internationales Symposium, ein mediterraner Knotenpunkt und ein zyprisches Staatswrack. In: Skyllis - Zeitschrift für Unterwasserarchäologie 8, 2007/08, 172-177.

Zwick, D.: Review of: F. Lüth, T. Maarleveld and F. Rieck (eds.): Tauchgang in die Vergangenheit. Unterwasserarchäologie in Nord- und Ostsee. In: Skyllis - Zeitschrift für Unterwasserarchäologie 7, 2005/06, 192-194.

D. Zwick: A Nordic Odyssey to Hjaltland: On the track of Norse fishermen?. In: The Newsletter of the Nautical Archaeology Society 2007.2, 6-8. [popular scientific]

D. Zwick: Review: S.A. Kingsley: Shipwreck Archaeology of the Holy Land: Processes and Parameters. In: Skyllis – Zeitschrift für Unterwasserarchäologie 6, 2003/04, 202-203.

Zwick, D.: Unterwasserarchäologie an der Universität Southampton - Die Ausbildung am Centre for Maritime Archaeology aus der Sicht eines Studenten. In: Skyllis - Zeitschrift für Unterwasserarchäologie 6, 2005.

D. Zwick: City and Harbour Archaeology of Ancient Alexandria. Bericht über den Kongress in Oxford zum Stand der archäologischen Forschung. In: Skyllis – Zeitschrift für Unterwasserarchäologie 5.2, 2002, 170-171.


2005 - 2009
Honorary Secretary, member of the executive committee and webeditor of the German Society for the Promotion of Underwater Archaeology (DEGUWA).